Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti, the birth anniversary of B R Ambedkar, will be celebrated across the country on April 14.Ambedkar Jayanti is offered floral tribute on Ambedkar’s statue by the President, Prime Minister and Leader of the Major Political Parties to pay homage to Ambedkar’s statue in the Parliament of India in New Delhi. It is celebrated worldwide especially by the Dalits, who embraced Buddhism after their example. In India, many people visit local statues in the example of Ambedkar with many fanfare. Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated not only in India but also abroad; The United Kingdom is very important in the United States, etc. On the 125th birth anniversary of BR Ambedkar, celebrated in 2016, the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, and its minister Uma Bharti, rediscovered Ambedkar also as the “father of water resources sector due to his invaluable contribution in evolving and framing various policies for this sector during pre and post-independence period since 1942 onward”.
Early life of B.R.Ambedkar
BR Ambedkar was a major producer of the Constitution of India, on 14 April 1891.Ambedkar was born into a poor low Mahar (dalit) caste, Mhow (Dr. Ambedkar Nagar, Madhya Pradesh)who were treated as untouchables and subjected to socio-economic discrimination. when he was about 15 years old, his marriage to a nine-year-old girl, Ramabai, was arranged.His father used to work in the army of the British East India Company. As a child, Mr Ambedkar was not allowed to sit in orbit due to his caste.
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar completed his school from Elphinstone High School and later pursued a degree in economics and political science from Elphinstone College, University of Mumbai. With the help of a scholarship, he completed his Masters in Economics (Major) at Columbia University and Doctor of Science in Economics from London School of Economics.
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Drafting India’s Constitution
Upon India’s independence on 15 August 1947, the new Congress-led government invited Ambedkar to serve as the nation’s first Law Minister, which he accepted. On 29 August, he was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, and was appointed by the Assembly to write India’s new Constitution
Opposition to Article 370 by Ambedkar
Ambedkar opposed Article 370 of the Constitution of India, which gave the state of Jammu and Kashmir a special status and Balaraj Madhok alleged that he was involved in his wishes, Ambedkar said clearly to the Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah Was: “You want India to protect its borders, it should build roads in your area, you should supply grain to it and Smir should receive status similar to India.
Opposition to untouchability
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar fought against ‘untouchability’ throughout his life. He played a major role in Mahatma Gandhi-led Harijan movement, protesting against social injustices faced by people from backward castes. He was one of the first to point out that Hinduism is the foundation of the caste system. In 1956, he converted to Buddhism.
While practising law in the Bombay High Court, he tried to promote education to untouchables and uplift them. His first organised attempt was his establishment of the central institution Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, intended to promote education and socio-economic improvement, as well as the welfare of “outcastes”, at the time referred to as depressed classes.For the defence of Dalit rights, he started many periodicals like Mook Nayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, and Equality Janta.
Since 1948, Ambedkar suffered from diabetes. He was bed-ridden from June to October in 1954 due to medication side effects and poor eyesight. He had been increasingly embittered by political issues, which took a toll on his health. His health worsened during 1955. Three days after completing his final manuscript The Buddha and His Dhamma, Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi.